Highly trained nurse practitioners (NPs) specialize in patient and inmate populationsadvanced nursing degrees. They may focus on acute care, family health, oncology, or mental health. NPs are licensed as Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs) and earn National Board certificationspecial areas.
NPs are primary care providers who provide many of the same services as physicians. They often have more autonomy compared to registered nurses. Depending on state regulations, some jurisdictions allow full permission to practice, while others require a partnership agreement with a physician.
Keep reading to learn more about NP careers.
How long to do
6-8 years old
40% increase from 2021-2031
Average annual salary
Selected online RN to BSN programs
What does a nurse do?
msn or dnp required
NPs provide clinical care to patients and are licensed to diagnose health problems, order tests, and prescribe medications. The scope of work of NPs varies depending on their field of expertise, the population they serve, and the state where they practice. One of their main tasks in healthcare is to address the shortage of doctors and reduce healthcare costs.
In some states, they must work under the supervision of a physician or in collaboration with a physician. in other states they dofull authorizationgiving them professional autonomy.
NP specialties generally correspond to patient populations. For example, pediatric nurses work with patients from birth through age 21 and ageprofessional nurses in women's healthserve women. Some states allow NPs to set up private practices, but regulations vary.
Nurses can face challenges such as long hours, high levels of stress and the threat of burnout. COVID-19 has been particularly difficult for nurses, with some reported burnout rates quadrupling six months into the pandemic.
Depending on the setting, the essential skills and responsibilities of a nurse practitioner may include the following duties:
JGI/Tom Grill/Getty Images
- Order medical tests
- Diagnosing medical conditions
- Prescribe treatment, including medication
- Patient counseling and information
- Leading nursing departments or teams
- Supervise the work of other clinical personnel
- Promoting the health of the community and population
- Clinical knowledge
- Crisis under pressure
- Communication skills
KeyHolistic skillsfor nurses
Empathy and compassion
When you meet a professional nurse, they will tell you that you need both of these qualities to understand and build relationships with patients and their families. Compassionate and compassionate nurses who see their patients as whole people can provide better patient care.
Because nurse practitioners spend so much time explaining medical diagnoses and treatments to patients and their families, they need clear, concise, and empathetic communication skills. Working with other healthcare professionals also requires good communication skills.
Nurses are often seen as leaders. NPs must be willing to coach and mentor other nurses, lead problem-solving efforts, contribute to team building, and help build a positive culture.
CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS
Critical thinking skills help NPs provide better care, improve patient safety, and recognize changes in a patient's medical condition. It can also lead to innovation and better decision-making.
KeyMedical Skillsfor nurses
Basic skills for emergency care and urgent care
An understanding of basic emergency and urgent care skills enables NPs to quickly assess and address medical issues. Examples include dressing, suturing and suturing wounds, giving intravenous therapy, assessing the respiratory system, and treating a chest tube.
Monitoring and control of vital signs
Knowing how to monitor and monitor vital signs, including heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure, and respiration rate, helps NPs find and monitor health problems.
Qualified NPs provide health education and advice to patients and their families. They help patients understand diagnoses and treatments, make lifestyle changes to improve health conditions, and learn how to provide home care.
As the role of technology in healthcare grows, nurse practitioners are using technology to help diagnose, monitor and treat patients. They also need technical skills to accurately fill out medical forms, send prescriptions, and order labs or procedures.
History of nurses
The first nursing program began in Colorado in 1965. That same year, the expansion of Medicare and Medicaid increased the number of Americans eligible for coverage and able to seek primary health care.
In 2018, an estimated 56,000 NPs practiced in the US. The emergence of the NP profession came in response to a shortage of available GPs to meet this need.
Nurses play an important role in addressing the ongoing shortage of primary care, reducing healthcare costs and improving patient satisfaction. Nurses distinguish themselves from other health care providers by looking at the health and well-being of patients from the perspective of the individual.
Throughout history, NPs have advocated for policy changes to improve health care and access to health care, especially for children, low-income people and other marginalized groups.
Where do nurses work?
Offices employ more than 40% of nurse practitioners, followed by ambulatory care centers at 23% and hospitals and other health professionals' offices at nearly 10% each. The rest work in areas such as home care.
Here are some examples of specific workplaces and tasks:
NPs generally serve as primary care providers or hospital outpatient specialists, evaluating and diagnosing patients, prescribing treatment, advising patients on care, and referring patients to physicians for additional care when needed.
2. Internal hospital
In a hospital setting, NPs assess and diagnose patients and prescribe treatment as part of a patient's continuum of care. They may also lead nursing teams and supervise the work of other clinical staff.
3. Private group practices
In a closed group practice, nurse specialists can act as primary care providers or specialists. They see patients, assess the conditions and prescribe treatments, and escalate a patient to a doctor or visit from an NP specialist as needed.
Why become a nurse?
There are pros and cons to every profession, and NPs are no different. You can compare the basic properties of a POI in the list below.
Benefits of becoming an NP
High demand and NP salaries significantly above the national average
Personal satisfaction with providing patient care
Potential for career advancement into clinical or administrative positions
Opportunities to specialize and practice more independently
Challenges of becoming an NP
Careful training, board exams and licensing requirements
High risk of burnout due to demanding programs
Emotional stress from seeing the patient suffer
Documents and regulations, administrative burden
How to become a nurse
Become a professional nurseis a multi-step process that begins with a bachelor's degree in nursing and a registered nurse (RN) license. After gaining experience as an RN, aspiring NPs complete a master's degree in nursing, followed by board certification and advanced practice licensing.
Earn an associate degree in nursing (ADN) or BSN.
Pass the NCLEX-RN to obtain a registered nurse (RN) license.
Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) -NP programs require nursing experience. To practice as an RN, you must pass the National Board Licensure Examination for RNs(NCLEX-RN) study, which measures a graduate's readiness to begin practicing as a registered nurse. It asks questions about safety, health promotion and the physical and psychological needs of patients.
Win a msn.(Video) Nursing Interview Questions and Answers
Pass the National Board of Nursing Certification Exam.
This exam, like the NCLEX-RN exam, assesses a graduate's readiness to work as an NP in the field. It usually contains 150 multiple choice questions. However, there are different certification bodies with different exams depending on the MSN-NP specialty track, such asfamily nurse, practice nurse gerontology adults and child nurse.
Get a state license as an NP.
Each state has licensure requirements, but all require NPs to earn an MSN or Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) degree and pass the state board exam.
Nursing Concentrations and Specializations
Popular nursing specialists include women's health, family, and neonatal health. We explain these and other specialties below. Licensing and national certification requirements vary by state and specialty.
Note that the NP salary and benefit figures are from2020 American Nurses Association reportunless indicated otherwise.
Doctor Nurse Psychiatrist
These professionals work in clinics, hospitals, psychiatric facilities, and substance abuse centers and focus on behavioral and mental health. Often specializing in patient populations such as military/veteran or pediatrics, psychiatric NPs diagnose conditions, create treatment plans, and educate patients and caregivers.
Average total salary
Adult gerontology nurse
Adult gerontologists (AGNPs) specialize in acute or primary care and see patients in clinics, hospitals, and long-term care facilities. AGNPs perform physical exams and diagnoses for adults of all ages. Acute care AGNPs treat existing illnesses and are more likely to work in hospitals, while primary care AGNPs focus on preventive care.
Average total salary
Primary care $116,000
Acute care $131,000
primary care 7%
Acute care 2.9%
General practitioners (FNPs) make up the largest percentage of NPs. FNPs care for patients of all ages and stages of life, providing preventive care and treatment for illnesses, conditions and injuries. They work in clinics, hospitals and private practices.
Average total salary
Women's health nurse
Women's Health NPs care for women of all ages and provide specific health care for women, including gynecology and obstetrics. They find work in hospitals, clinics and fertility centers and often work alongside doctors and midwives.
Average total salary
These professionals primarily work in the neonatal intensive care units of hospitals, caring for babies born prematurely or who are ill. They provide acute and critical care for newborns and ongoing treatments such as incubation, tube feeding, IV lines and medications.
Average total salary
ERNPs work with teams of healthcare providers to help patients experiencing medical emergencies. This fast-paced career involves assessing, diagnosing and treating patients suffering from trauma, serious injury and emotional crises. Other responsibilities include supervising RNs and educating patients.
Average base salary
Bron: Salaris.com, October 2022
Pediatric Nurse Practitioners (PNPs) specialize in the primary or acute care of infants, children, and adolescents. PNPs see patients in doctor's offices, hospitals, and ambulatory care centers. Acute care specialists work in emergency rooms, intensive care units, and urgent care clinics.
Average total salary
Primary care $119,000
Acute care $135,000
primary care 3.2%
Acute care 0.7%
Pain management nurse
A pain management NP career involves administering and monitoring medications, along with providing non-drug options such as acupuncture and chiropractic care. Common workplaces include cancer wards and surgical wards in hospitals or rehabilitation centers.
Average base salary
Bron: Actually, October 2022
How much do nurses earn?
As some of the highest paid nurses, NPs earn an average annual salary of $118,000, or nearly $57 per hour.according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics(BLS).NP Salariesmay vary based on education and experience level, area of expertise, workplace and geographic location.
For example, NPs in home health care have a median salary of $133,170, compared to $129,190 for those employed in outpatient clinics. And NPs in California earn more than their counterparts in other states. The top 10 highest paying metro areas for NPs are also in California.
Job prospects look particularly promising for NPs. The BLS predicts a 46% increase in employment for NPs over the period 2021-2031 - thefaster growth among occupations at the national level.
The table below lists the top five states for NP salaries and average annual salaries.
|condition||Average annual salary|
|New Jersey||$ 137.010|
|New York||$ 133.940|
Bron: BLS OES, 2021
Highest paying jobs for nurses
NP salaries also vary by employment situation, but the most common industries that employ NPs, including doctor's offices, hospitals, and higher education institutions, don't necessarily offer the highest salaries. Job seekers looking to earn top dollar may want to explore the workplaces listed in the table below.
|Workspace setup||Average total salary|
|Internal hospital ward||$ 125.000|
|First aid||$ 120.000|
|Private Practice NP||$ 120.000|
|Employer/Company Clinic||$ 120.000|
|Hospital polyclinic||$ 117.000|
The NP designation requires at least six years of school to earn, plus time to work as an RN. It takes most full-time students four years to earn oneBSN diploma versus two for an ADNand two years to earn a master's degree in nursing. Most schools require or strongly recommend that you work as an RN for at least two years before enrolling in an MSN-NP program.
NPs can prescribe medications, including controlled substances. Some states require a certain number of credit hours in pharmacology, while others require NPs or newly certified NPs to work with a physician. Others grant NPs a full practice license, meaning they don't require a doctor's cooperation or supervision.
OfAmerican Association of Nursesreports the distribution of NPs by main practice area. In 2020, GPs led the list, with almost 70% of NPs choosing this specialty. The second most popular specialty was adult care at 10.8%, followed by adult primary care gerontology at 7%.
An RN has a two- or four-year nursing degree or a nursing degree, while an NP has at least an MSN and board certification as an NP. While all NPs are RNs, not all NPs are NPs.
Nurses are in every community – large and small – providing expert care from birth to the end of life. Nurses' roles range from direct patient care and case management to establishing nursing practice standards, developing quality assurance procedures, and directing complex nursing care systems.What is the overview of nursing profession? ›
Nurses are in every community – large and small – providing expert care from birth to the end of life. Nurses' roles range from direct patient care and case management to establishing nursing practice standards, developing quality assurance procedures, and directing complex nursing care systems.What is a nursing profile summary on a resume? ›
What is a nursing resume summary? A nursing resume summary is a brief section at the top of your resume that highlights your relevant experiences, skills, and achievements. Typically, this summary is between one to four sentences long, meaning it is important to be concise when writing yours.Who are the highest paid nurses? ›
What is the highest-paid nurse? Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists! Earning $195,610 annually, CRNAs earn significantly more than any other type of nurse or nursing specialty.What are the 4 APN roles? ›
There are four types of roles for an Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN): clinical nurse specialists, certified registered nurse anesthetists, certified nurse practitioners, and certified nurse midwives. All of these roles require a master's degree in addition to appropriate certification and licensing.What are the five primary characteristics of a nursing profession? ›
- Caring. ...
- Communication Skills. ...
- Empathy. ...
- Attention to Detail. ...
- Problem Solving Skills. ...
- Stamina. ...
- Sense of Humor. ...
- Commitment to Patient Advocacy.
Nurses plan and provide medical and nursing care to patients in hospital, at home or in other settings. A caring and compassionate nature, and the ability to deal with emotionally charged and pressured situations are important traits in a nurse.What is best profile summary in resume? ›
A good resume summary is two to four sentences long and includes information on: Your years of experience and job title. 2-3 of your biggest achievements to date. 1-2 of your top skills (that are relevant for the role)What is a good opening statement for resume nursing? ›
“Patient-focused and empathetic registered nurse seeking a position within [insert organization] medical practice. Bringing with them experience, care and extensive knowledge to help improve the lives of their patients.” “Compassionate and hard-working nurse looking for a position in [insert organization] hospital.What is a good summary for a nurse on Linkedin? ›
Talk about yourself, your strengths, your experiences, and what you bring to the table as a nurse. You can also mention opportunities you're looking for and what kinds of professionals you'd like to meet. The summary is like a love letter to visitors to your profile -- be warm and personal, but always professional.
What type of RN is most in demand? All RNs are in demand more than other occupations. The BLS projects 6% job growth for all RNs between 2021 and2031, compared to 5% job growth for all occupations. Some specialties that are in especially high demand are neonatal nursing, surgical nursing, and critical care nursing.Which state pays nurses the most? ›
In the United States overall, the average registered nurse salary is $82,750 and the median (50th percentile) is $77,600. California, with RN salaries averaging $124,000, is the highest-paying state for nurses as of May 2021 (according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics).Which nursing field is in highest demand? ›
Neonatal nurses are in high demand. Individuals who pursue this type of career can find work in almost any area that has a staffed NICU. They can expect to earn an average yearly salary of approximately $125,000 if they have a few years of experience.Is an APN higher than an RN? ›
Looking at APRN vs. RN, it's clear that APRNs are superior to RNs in terms of education, skills needed, and responsibilities. APRNs also have a higher salary figure than RNs. However, the path to becoming an APRN is much longer than that of an RN.Which is higher a PA or APN? ›
Is NP higher than PA? Neither profession ranks "higher" than the other. Both NPs and PAs work in the healthcare field but with different qualifications, educational backgrounds, and responsibilities. They also work in different specialties.What CNP means? ›
Certified Nurse Practitioners (CNPs) are Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs) who have advanced training to diagnose illnesses and prescribe medication in areas such as primary care, acute care, geriatrics, and women's health.What are the weakness of a nurse? ›
Spending too much time on paperwork. Paying too much attention to detail. Attempting to complete too many tasks at once. A lack of clinical experience, which may apply to recent graduates or new nurses.What is your greatest skill as a nurse? ›
The key to being a successful nurse is communication.
Communication skills are one of the most important requirements of a nurse's job—both following directions and communicating with patients and families. Patients who are sick or suffering often are not in a position of strength to speak up for themselves.
- Long shifts. Nurses often work 10- or 12-hour shifts. ...
- Changing schedules. ...
- Emotional involvement. ...
- Physical demands. ...
- Exposure to illness and chemicals. ...
- Lack of nurses. ...
- Changing technology. ...
- Poor treatment from patients.
The phrases “eagle-eyed,” “loyal,” “hard-working,” and “healthy” all come to mind. The term “loyal” is often used to describe medical professionals like nurses and doctors.How can I describe myself as a nurse? ›
Nursing is my passion. I love providing comfort and education to those in need, and intervening in difficult situations. Last year I was tasked with handling a tough patient. I did my best to listen and provide comfort.What is a good summary statement? ›
Your summary statement should be three to five lines describing your strengths, the position/industry you are seeking, and what you will bring to the job. Strengths and traits should be focused on the direction you are moving, not where you are coming from.What are 3 things you should include in a resume summary? ›
An effective resume summary follows this formula: Professional Title (if relevant) + Key Experiences (with the total number of years worked) + Top Achievements (preferably measurable results) + Top Skills/Expertise/Unique Values (relevant to the job and industry).How do you write a summary about yourself? ›
- Introduce yourself.
- Include the most relevant professional experience.
- Mention significant personal achievements or awards.
- Introduce personal details.
- Use a casual and friendly tone.
- Education. Consider elaborating on any relevant education that makes you a strong candidate. ...
- Volunteer work. ...
- Work experience. ...
- Personal motivation. ...
- Relevant skills. ...
- Unique traits. ...
- Research the program. ...
- Read the directions.
Describe the scope of your experience. Mention 2-3 key skills or accomplishments that match the job description. Include metrics to quantify your achievements. Include any specific highlights from your resume that show why you'd be a great fit for the position.How do you write nursing skills on a resume? ›
- Checking and monitoring vital signs. ...
- Technology skills. ...
- Communication. ...
- Critical thinking and problem solving. ...
- Time management and stamina. ...
- Ethics and confidentiality. ...
- Teamwork and dependability. ...
- In your resume.
Keep your resume summary to a few sentences. Talk about how you are a new graduate and why you're interested in nursing. Also briefly mention any clinical rotations you have or special skills. The goal is to start your resume with your best strengths, then use the rest of the resume to get into more detail.What is your core values as a nurse? ›
Ethical behavior also involves accountability, responsibility, confidentiality, truthfulness, fidelity, and justice. Nurses who clarify their values are enhanced in their ability to practice ethically. Legal parameters of nursing are defined by statutory, regulatory, and common law.
The lowest-paying states are South Dakota ($60,540), Alabama ($61,920), Mississippi ($63,130), Iowa ($64,990), and Arkansas ($65,810).What is the easiest nursing job that pays well? ›
- Occupational Health Nurse. About the Job: ...
- Research Nurse. About the Job: ...
- Case Management. About the Job: ...
- School Nurse. About the Job: ...
- College Health Clinic Nurse. About the Job: ...
- Community Health Nurse. About the Job: ...
- Nurse Writer. ...
- Parenteral/Enteral Nurse.
Critical care nurses suffer the highest rates of burnout.
This is mainly due to the nature of the job, as critical care nurses work specialize in the emergency department (ED) and intensive care unit (ICU). As such, their work environment is constantly fast-paced, meticulous, and demanding.
- #5 Colorado. Quality of life ranking: #10. Average RN salary: $69,990.00. ...
- #4 Alaska. Quality of life ranking: #19. Average RN salary: $88,510.00. ...
- #3 Oregon. Quality of life ranking: #18. ...
- #2 Wisconsin. Quality of life ranking: #3. ...
- #1 Minnesota. Quality of life ranking: #2.
According to Salary.com, research nurses earn an average of nearly $88,000 per year or over $42 per hour. The highest-paid research nurses (in the top 10% of all earners) can bring home more than $105,000 per year.What is a RN salary? ›
And frankly, the easiest and fastest way to get a job as a new grad is to go to a med/surg floor. They are always some of the most challenging floors to keep staffed in the hospital and are usually the most willing to hire new grads.What major is better than nursing? ›
For those who are interested in more behind-the-scenes work, or who want to explore their options in healthcare, health science is a great alternative major to nursing. A health science degree can lead to many different careers, from a healthcare administrator to medical biller and coder.Which nursing specialty is most competitive? ›
- Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Nurses. ...
- Operating Room Nurses. ...
- Emergency Room Nurses. ...
- Pediatric Nurses. ...
- General Nurse Practitioners. ...
- Clinical Nurse Specialists. ...
- Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists. ...
- Surgical Nurse Practitioner.
Registered nurses need a bachelor's degree in nursing, to pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX), and to obtain a state licensure to get started in the medical field. Nurse practitioners, on the other hand, must have earned a master's degree in nursing (MSN) or higher.
What is a Family Nurse Practitioner? A Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) specializes in the primary and specialty care of patients of all ages. In general, FNPs focus on preventive care, monitoring their long-term health, and assisting physicians with any issues that might arise.What is the highest paying APN? ›
Cardiology nurse practitioners hold some of the highest-paid nurse practitioner jobs. They command an average hourly salary of $65.79 or $136,846 annually.Why be a PA instead of a NP? ›
Physician assistants train as generalists. PA students complete at least 2,000 hours of rotations (versus 600 for NPs) and receive hands-on experience in a wider variety of medical specialties. Meanwhile, nurse practitioners typically train in a specialty area based on patient population (e.g., pediatrics or OB/GYN).Is PA school harder than nursing school? ›
Yes, in general, physician assistant school is harder than nursing school.Is a CNP the same as a NP? ›
NPs can practice autonomously in many states, but some still require the oversight of a physician. A CNP is an RN who has additional education and training in a specialty area, such as family practice or pediatrics. CNPs have a master's degree in nursing and board certification in their specialty.What is CP and CNP? ›
Payment types are split up into two categories – card-present transactions (CP) and card-not-present (CNP) transactions. The differences between these two types of payments are more important than many retailers realize, and which ones you choose to accept could have a big impact on your business.What does card entry mean? ›
An entry, in trick-taking card games such as bridge, is a means of gaining the lead in a particular hand, i.e. winning the trick in that hand.What is the goal of nursing profession? ›
One of a nurse's primary goals is to provide quality care to their patients. Think about ways that you could optimize your current patient care tactics or practices. For example, you could work on becoming a stronger advocate for your patient's individualized needs.What is the core of nursing profession? ›
Caring is best demonstrated by a nurse's ability to embody the five core values of professional nursing. Core nursing values essential to baccalaureate education include human dignity, integrity, autonomy, altruism, and social justice. The caring professional nurse integrates these values in clinical practice.What are some career goals examples? ›
- Shift into a new career path. ...
- Experience career stability. ...
- Advance to a leadership position. ...
- Work towards personal development. ...
- Earn a certification. ...
- Earn a new degree. ...
- Earn a promotion.
For many practitioners, a long-term nursing goal is to serve as a primary care provider, following patients throughout the stages of their lives while building a lasting rapport. Many states permit nurses with an advanced education and certification to provide primary patient care services with full practice authority.What are the strength of a nurse? ›
For nursing applicants, specifically, our experts said they're typically looking for strengths like flexibility, a team player, extremely organized, multitasking, leadership abilities, creative problem-solving, an excellent communicator, or curiosity about learning new things.What are the 3 major roles of the professional nurse? ›
The Role of a Registered Nurse
RNs assess and identify patients' needs, then implement and monitor the patient's medical plan and treatment. They also ensure that patient care is conducted according to the policies and standards of their employer, whether that is a hospital or another facility.
Nursing is a profession rooted in professional ethics and ethical values, and nursing performance is based on such values. Core values of nursing include altruism, autonomy, human dignity, integrity, honesty and social justice .